Lima, Peru, 23-26 July 2018
Total Number of Participants : 35
Number of Countries represented : 35
Top 5 Countries :
The Latin American Group for Public Administration (LAGPA) and the International
Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration (IASIA) organized the 2018 IASIA-LAGPA Joint Conference, with the main theme: "Globalization, Territories and Integration" in collaboration with SERVIR - National Authority of Civil Service and Catholic University Sedes Sapientiae (UCSS),
During the activities scheduled for LAGPA, three Sessions discussed the following topics:
CORRUPTION AND TRANSNATIONALIZATION OF ILLEGAL PRACTICES IN LATIN AMERICA;
NEOPOPULISM AND GOVERNANCE MODELS;
General Rapporteur: Prof. Dr. Adrián Velázquez Vázquez (University of La Verne, USA).
The LAGPA conference was chaired by Edgar Varela Barrios, LAGPA President, assisted by Sofiane Sahraoui, International Institute of Administrative Sciences (IIAS), Director General; Bianor Cavalcanti, President of the International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration (IASIA); Prof. Guido Maggi of UCSS and Guillermo Valdivieso representing SERVIR.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE DEBATES
SESSION 1 – CORRUPTION AND TRANSNATIONALIZATION OF ILLEGAL PRACTICES IN LATIN AMERICA
In the last years, the corruption phenomenon in Latin America has become an important and recurrent theme, having a great impact not only towards the public opinion but affecting the stability of governments and the course for action of public policies and also partisan politics in general. The latest events, with a great impact, have very special characteristics because of the transnationalization of the phenomenon, through systematic practices of bribery and influence peddling that are reproduced in the continent, promoting criminal agreements between large companies, governments and politicians.
The facts significance and the complex network of actors and mechanisms used, have brought into question the legitimacy, not only of several governments, but also the validity mechanisms of governance, the lucidity of the Public Administration processes and the investments of a social nature in the region.
The session focused not only on the analysis of the phenomenon as such, which is being widely debated, but in the reflection of possible solutions from the perspective of public policies and governance mechanisms. Although this phenomenon has been approached from several sciences and disciplines such as: Economy, Public Administration, Law, Sociology, etc. It is interesting to move along with the understanding of the policy mechanisms that could be implemented, not only to the level of each state but the cooperation among governments to restrict these practices. It is also fascinating to analyze how this situation is being attacked in Latin America and in relation to other countries in which the phenomenon appears in a more restrained way, examples that can be repeated in our region.
SESSION 2: NEOPOPULISM AND GOVERNANCE MODELS
Latin America and the whole world are witnessing a revival of populist currents that present themselves as representatives of both neoconservative and neosocialist ideals, but in other cases, they also raise ideologies of an eclectic nature, “anti-politics” ratifying administrations and visions of managerialist cut. These governments, popularly elected under conspicuous and visible slogans, collect popular wills generally oriented to the rejection of the political class, the vindication of nationalisms and criticism of the phenomenon of commercial integration or economic opening. In the exercise of power, they face noticeable contradictions with the traditionally established institutions and raise counter-currents that promote reforms that even go against commercial agreements and international law. They are characterized by having a strong support of middle or popular classes as the case may be, with anti-institutional discourses that represent strong implications for democratic systems based on traditional parties, as well as challenges for the stabilization of policies and established national and international agreements. Likewise, their ideological support converges in many cases in different currents in an eclectic and pragmatic way, rather oriented towards conjectural situations and not in the long term from the ideological point of view.
This new perspective presented in the world, was analyzed within the LAGPA framework with the aim of reflecting on how Management and Public Administration face these changes in the political scenario, many of them of a conjectural nature, and consistent instabilities of policies in terms of structures, plans, development models and commitments, so much like local with the citizens, and international with the states.
SESSION 3: COMMERCIAL INTEGRATION
This session of commercial integration aimed to analyze in a critical and systematic way, all those processes of trade liberalization and economic opening that have taken place in Latin America in recent years, after the 1990s and that have been established under the design and implementation of commercial public policies that affect the trade of these countries.
These commercial policies have had as their fundamental axis two types of public actions; the first one, to intensify all the processes of commercial integration with other countries through free trade agreements, from neighboring or farther countries.
Besides, the trade has been liberalized with important reductions and tariff reforms, in a continent that was traditionally protectionist until the 1970s and 1980s, in a model that sought to replace imports and build economic development that was called: “inward development”. Likewise, it is important to analyze all the institutional arrangements and adjustments that were produced from the need to link all public policies in the area of trade liberalization with the structure of the institutions. The purpose of these institutions is to be agents of change and transformation for the implementation of such public policies.
This session attempts to analyze the design of the policies, the manner in which they have been implemented, the institutional arrangements of the State consistent within these policies, and the impact they have had on the economic and social development of our countries, especially in a matter of policies that contribute to increase and accelerate trade as a fundamental element for economic development.
Specific details about the presentations of each session, as well as the debates compiled and commented by the General Rapporteur, Dr. Prof. Adrian Velázquez Vázquez (University of La Verne, USA), are available on LAGPA official site: http://www.iias-iisa.org/lagpa/knoledge-portal.php